Department of Military Mechanical Engineering was founded in 1948 as one of specialist vocations within the Faculty of Mechanical Engineering. It has played decisive part in education of students, designers of arms and defense equipment. Similarly, in development of armaments and defense equipment, in education of specialists for the needs of defense industry and manning of scientific & research, civil and defense establishments and their technological base, the Department has played prominent role particularly during the phase of forming of the military-industrial complex and providing scientific research cadre in former Yugoslavia. Over 550 graduated engineers designers, more than 100 masters of science and dozens of doctors of science have conducted their research projects and presented their scientific theses at this Department.
The Department of Military Mechanical Engineering was renamed in 2006 to Weapon Systems Department in keeping with the need to define more closely the subject of its specialized scientific activity and as part of reform process of the University and its technical faculties according to international standards. The Weapon Systems Department offers comprehensive education in areas of conventional weapon and rocket systems, as well as in chief scientific and specialist disciplines indispensable for understanding and research in complex multi-disciplinary projects involving design of ammunition, weapons, explosive materials, associated equipment, etc. Good cooperation with other Departments and specializations within the Faculty of Mechanical Engineering and numerous military and civil research and development institutions comprise unique quality academic foundation for education in the field of defense technologies and weapon systems. The Department places special emphasis on permanent following of modern technologies in application of arms and defense equipment, as well as of the trends in upgrading and weapon modernization. This particularly relates to new generations of precise and efficient weapons and ammunition. In line with current tactical-technical requirements, educational plans and programs are adapted to flexible selection of subjects, according to the needs and desires of the candidates pursuing the doctor and Master of Science academic studies.
Preparation of candidates includes Basic Academic Studies, within which a candidate can, within the model of optional subjects, determine his BSc degree in Weapon Systems by choosing the following subject concepts:
- III semester ESPB
1. Introduction of weapon systems 6
- IV semester
2. Fundamentals of weapon systems design 6
- V semester
3. Fundamentals of projectile propulsion 6
4. Projectile flight mechanics 6
- VI semester
5. Construction of conventional weapons 6
6. Construction of rocket weapons 6
Every subject carries six (6) points, per model of Bologna pre-graduate studies that take three (3) years, or six (6) semesters. In order to be awarded the BSc degree in weapon systems, a candidate has to pass minimum four of five optional subjects at the Department (serial numbers 2 – 6) and his BSc graduation thesis has to be in one of four subjects studied at the Department (serial numbers 3 – 6).
Academic Master studies take two (2) years as students opt in advance for the Weapon Systems specialization. Mandatory subjects studied by future Masters (graduate engineers), specialists in Weapon Systems are: Inner Ballistics, Rocket Propulsion, Combustion of Propellants, Physics of Explosion, Aerodynamics, Flight Dynamics, Construction of Projectiles and Warheads, Design of Artillery Systems, Launching Mechanisms, Launching Theory, Fire Control Systems, Construction of Rockets, Rocket Systems Integration, Projectile Guidance and Control, Effectiveness of Conventional and Rocket Weapons, Ballistic Protection from Projectiles, Armament Measuring and Testing, Standardization of Explosive Materials Storing, Special Weapons and Protection from Special Effects, etc.
In addition, both the Master (MSc) and Doctor (DSc) studies comprise relevant modules of mandatory and optional subjects in the fields of mechanics, mathematics, informatics, automatic control, mechatronics, etc. with special chapters designed for specialist advancement and scientific competence of candidates. Doctorate studies provide, in addition to mandatory lectures, a wide choice of theoretical and laboratory lectures and exercises in subjects which candidates create jointly with their mentors, for the purpose of a project and dissertation.
For educational and scientific research purposes, the Department has at it disposal laboratories organized as the Center for Weapon Systems comprising: firing processes testing lab; small arms inner and outer ballistics lab with ballistic tunnel 50 m long; laboratory facilities for arranging of smaller realistic and simulated experiments; laboratory for testing of smaller rocket motors, solid rocket propellants and powders; for software simulations, effectiveness of fire control systems, combat weapons platforms and ammunition command and information lab; etc.For the needs of basic and master studies there is available literature in the Serbian and English languages, as well as selected chapters from numerous Russian literature and it is the usual practice to prepare and update Lay handouts in the Serbian and English. Some textbooks are listed hereunder:
The Department and its associates are engaged in numerous projects dealing with current issues in areas of weapons and defense equipment design, in application of defense technologies for production of commercial items and in overall reorganization of the defense industry capacities in line with transition processes. Particular emphasis is placed on projects with multi-disciplinary approaches, armaments modernization programs and on development of dual-purpose technologies.Special orientation of the Weapon Systems Department is unique in our country and in the region. Also, it is the place where new technologies in the broadest sense are being studied, providing to the students multi-disciplinary knowledge in the field of weapon design, enabling choices within the variety of teaching subjects, allowing studies in smaller groups, providing the possibility of scholarships, offering good employment opportunities and other benefits.