Scientific and Research Establishment
Serving to Evaluate Quality of Armaments and Defence Equipment
Technical Test Centre (TOC) is a modern military scientific and research establishment that has its seat in Belgrade. It was founded back in 1973 for a specific purpose, specially equipped and rendered capable of testing and certifying the quality of armaments, defence materiel, wide range of technical products and for calibration of measuring equipment.
The Centre operates as an independent and impartial organisation that has its own working premises, advanced equipment and highly educated, specialised personnel. Its premises are on three locations: administration and laboratories are Belgrade-based, air force test range and laboratories are at Batajnica airport in Belgrade, with the armaments materiel and proving grounds being based in Nikinci, near the town of Šabac.
The main mission of the Technical Test Centre is to test and evaluate the quality of all the defence materiel, produced either in-country or abroad, aimed at being introduced into the Army’s weapons system equipping. Also, its task is to ensure that all organisational units of the Army and the Ministry of Defence of the Republic of Serbia conform to our national standards or the reference standards of the countries developed in the field of metrology.
For the needs of testing and calibration, TOC has set up 25 laboratories and two test ranges, along with the appropriate personnel resources.
In 2004, TOC re-certified its quality management system based on the latest requirements set by JUS ISO 9001 standard, and in 2005 it has verified its Sector for Metrology and the newly-founded Products Testing Centre in conformity with specifications set by JUS ISO 17025 standard. In the same year, TOC has established its Certification Body that was verified in accordance with JUS EN 45011 standard requirements.
Technical Test Centre performs final and quality certification research activities and evaluations in the fields of armaments, electronics, motorised and naval vehicular weapons, metrology, aircraft, in-flight tests and technical products quality control. Tests are conducted in laboratories, field conditions and on proving ranges in Nikinci and Batajnica in accordance with the local and international standards that govern testing of armaments and defence equipment and other technical materiel.
Within the NATO alliance member-states, concept of quality assurance envisages for the provider to apply quality management system in order that the required quality could be attained. NATO politics concerned with quality assurance and specifications have been laid down by AS/250 Committee and published in STANAG 4107 standard. In this way, the alliance members have taken upon themselves, when required, to establish whether the quality of defence materiel satisfies the requirements specified in an agreement entered into with other member-state, and also, to include into such contracts the relevant NATO specifications related to quality assurance. These specifications are specified in a series of documents bearing the mark: AQAP, with their latest editions being based on a series of ISO 9000 standards. Such quality politics has also been adopted by NAMSA (centralised NATO Maintenance and Supply Agency) whereby it has undertaken to fulfil all the obligations related to quality assurance within the processes of defence materiel procurements. To ensure adherence to the above commitments, state-level bodies have been formed that are in charge of quality assurance in the course of implementation of contracts concluded between NATO member-states. In conformity with this trend, our SNO 9000/05 military standard has been revised (its third, 2005 edition was prepared based on JUS ISO 9001 standard and AQAP 2110:2003 documents).
The obvious trend is acceptance of the accreditation system applied in EU countries by its NATO members, concurrently with application of the principle of clearing any obstacles in international business deals and flow of goods and services. Establishment of the unique standardisation and implementation of EU experience, concurrently with application of a new, global approach to a unified market, will present the crucial asset aimed towards cost reduction and promotion of global competition in the field of defence materiel of the NATO alliance countries.
The best way towards successful implementation of the current TOC commitments was establishment of quality management system based on JUS ISO 9001:1996 standard specifications. Upon edition of the new JUS ISO 9001:2001 standard, quality management system has been improved based on the requirements of this standard and its 2004 re-certification. This model of the quality management system, introduced into all TOC organisational units, testing level has been raised and today, it has been implemented with maximum and full engagement of all of its employees. Being a country that has joined Partnership for Peace, it is through the work of TOC that we have become capable of conforming to the NATO codification system.
In addition to its basic business activity, TOC also conducts tests and measurements based on the requests of the users that do not belong to the Army, scientific examinations, designing and equipping in the field of testing, development of innovative test methods, as well as specialisation and education of personnel – primarily for the specific fields that we are experienced, in based on our up-to-the present practical activities, that are crucial for achieving safe and humane usage of technical and protective products by any user.
In the course of 2005, TOC was furnished with an accreditation for the activities concerned with testing of technical products, calibration of operating reference standards and gauges and certification of technical products based on JUS ISO/IEC 17025:2001 standard requirements, as well as TOC accreditation as a Certifying Body in accordance with JUS EN 45011 standard. Regarding the field of metrology, TOC is authorised to verify secondary and operating reference standards in all second-level laboratories of the Serbian Army and in all the enterprises in which measuring equipment and instruments are calibrated in conformity with the
Scope of Activities
Results of TOC activities encompass over two thousand studies and reports on tests conducted on armaments and defence equipment, numerous certificates of measuring equipment inspections, around 700 military standards, 300 test methods, various instructions, regulations and studies. In a single-year period, TOC tests over 100 armaments and defence equipment items, calibrates approx. 1500 gauges and reference standards, performs over 700 tests on its firing and proving ranges, and, for the civilian market, it caries out more than 500 technical products testing services. TOC has arranged several scientific gatherings. Studies prepared by its specialists have been published both in local and international specialised magazines and presented at numerous scientific and professional meetings held both in our country and abroad; these works can be found at the TOC official site: (www.toc.vj.yu).
TOC conducts developmental researches and verifies the research results in the following areas: aerodynamics, ballistics (interior and exterior), propulsion system, missile/rocket dynamics, physical explosion, conventional and missile projectiles, warheads and fuzes, ballistics system mechanics (armaments, weapons and rocket launchers), fire control systems, combat and non-combat vehicles, guided missiles/rockets, aircraft, aircraft equipment and weaponry, testing of aircraft, performances and aircraft in-flight trajectories, aircraft engines testing; testing of all types of parachutes and paragliders, testing of aircraft noise, specifications of conditions and limitations in usage of aircraft, aircraft products and parachutes; presentation of aircraft flight characteristics – both in-country and abroad, training of test and trial pilots, testing of naval equipment and weapons, war-time naval construction, warships resistivity and propulsion, ships` physical fields, underwater armaments, optics and electronics, electronic reconnaissance and jamming, electronic counter-measures, telecommunications, radar and computer engineering, laser engineering, sensors, automation, information technology, electric power supply sources and energy electronics, chemical and nuclear protection, civil engineering and protective structures, explosive substances and specific materials, corrosion protection and metrology.
Directions for Development
In conformance with the orientation of the State Authorities aimed at access to the European Integration, TOC has commenced the processes of mastering new methods of testing the engineering products that are based on European Directives and the New Approach World Standards. In this way, use has been made of surplus defence capacities so as to be dedicated to the needs of assessment of conformance of the defence materiel – thus establishing a useful link between military and civilian standards and applications.
By being accredited to test and certify technical products, the Technical Test Centre has been gaining qualifications, both in-country and abroad, to act as an impartial, objective and competent institution capable of assessing the conformance – primarily of defence products, but also of the civilian ones that have not been covered by the other, similar civilian establishments. It is exactly for this reason that TOC has entered into an agreement with the TÜF RAJLAND Representative Office in Belgrade (one of the greatest global certification